习近平在世界经济论坛2017年年会开幕式上的主旨演讲(中英双语)

  发布时间:2018-01-17    来源:新华社    字体显示: 默认   阅读:

  2017年1月17日,国家主席习近平在瑞士达沃斯国际会议中心出席世界经济论坛2017年年会开幕式,并发表题为《共担时代责任共促全球发展》的主旨演讲。 [新华社]

  Chinese President Xi Jinping delivers a keynote speech at the opening plenary of the 2017 annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Jan. 17, 2017. [Photo/Xinhua]

  当地时间2017年1月17日,国家主席习近平出席世界经济论坛2017年年会开幕式并发表了题为《共担时代责任共促全球发展》的主旨演讲。演讲全文如下:

  Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the opening plenary of the 2017 annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Jan. 17, 2017. Following is the full text of Xi's speech.

共担时代责任 共促全球发展

  ——在世界经济论坛2017年年会开幕式上的主旨演讲

(2017年1月17日,达沃斯)

中华人民共和国主席 习近平

Jointly Shoulder Responsibility of Our Times, Promote Global Growth

  -- Keynote Speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping At the Opening Session Of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2017

Davos, 17 January 2017

尊敬的洛伊特哈德主席和豪森先生,

尊敬的各国元首、政府首脑、副元首和夫人,

尊敬的国际组织负责人,

尊敬的施瓦布主席和夫人,

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

President Doris Leuthard and Mr. Roland Hausin,

Heads of State and Government, Deputy Heads of State and Your Spouses,

Heads of International Organizations,

Dr. Klaus Schwab and Mrs. Hilde Schwab,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Dear Friends,

  很高兴来到美丽的达沃斯。达沃斯虽然只是阿尔卑斯山上的一个小镇,却是一个观察世界经济的重要窗口。大家从四面八方会聚这里,各种思想碰撞出智慧的火花,以较少的投入获得了很高的产出。我看这个现象可以称作“施瓦布经济学”。 I'm delighted to come to beautiful Davos. Though just a small town in the Alps, Davos is an important window for taking the pulse of the global economy. People from around the world come here to exchange ideas and insights, which broaden their vision. This makes the WEF annual meeting a cost-effective brainstorming event, which I would call "Schwab economics".

  “这是最好的时代,也是最坏的时代”,英国文学家狄更斯曾这样描述工业革命发生后的世界。今天,我们也生活在一个矛盾的世界之中。一方面,物质财富不断积累,科技进步日新月异,人类文明发展到历史最高水平。另一方面,地区冲突频繁发生,恐怖主义、难民潮等全球性挑战此起彼伏,贫困、失业、收入差距拉大,世界面临的不确定性上升。"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times." These are the words used by the English writer Charles Dickens to describe the world after the Industrial Revolution. Today, we also live in a world of contradictions. On the one hand, with growing material wealth and advances in science and technology, human civilization has developed as never before. On the other hand, frequent regional conflicts, global challenges like terrorism and refugees, as well as poverty, unemployment and widening income gap have all added to the uncertainties of the world.

  对此,许多人感到困惑,世界到底怎么了?Many people feel bewildered and wonder: What has gone wrong with the world?

  要解决这个困惑,首先要找准问题的根源。有一种观点把世界乱象归咎于经济全球化。经济全球化曾经被人们视为阿里巴巴的山洞,现在又被不少人看作潘多拉的盒子。国际社会围绕经济全球化问题展开了广泛讨论。To answer this question, one must first track the source of the problem. Some blame economic globalization for the chaos in the world. Economic globalization was once viewed as the treasure cave found by Ali Baba in The Arabian Nights, but it has now become the Pandora's box in the eyes of many. The international community finds itself in a heated debate on economic globalization.

  今天,我想从经济全球化问题切入,谈谈我对世界经济的看法。Today, I wish to address the global economy in the context of economic globalization.

  我想说的是,困扰世界的很多问题,并不是经济全球化造成的。比如,过去几年来,源自中东、北非的难民潮牵动全球,数以百万计的民众颠沛流离,甚至不少年幼的孩子在路途中葬身大海,让我们痛心疾首。导致这一问题的原因,是战乱、冲突、地区动荡。解决这一问题的出路,是谋求和平、推动和解、恢复稳定。再比如,国际金融危机也不是经济全球化发展的必然产物,而是金融资本过度逐利、金融监管严重缺失的结果。把困扰世界的问题简单归咎于经济全球化,既不符合事实,也无助于问题解决。The point I want to make is that many of the problems troubling the world are not caused by economic globalization. For instance, the refugee waves from the Middle East and North Africa in recent years have become a global concern. Several million people have been displaced, and some small children lost their lives while crossing the rough sea. This is indeed heartbreaking. It is war, conflict and regional turbulence that have created this problem, and its solution lies in making peace, promoting reconciliation and restoring stability. The international financial crisis is another example. It is not an inevitable outcome of economic globalization; rather, it is the consequence of excessive chase of profit by financial capital and grave failure of financial regulation. Just blaming economic globalization for the world's problems is inconsistent with reality, and it will not help solve the problems.

  历史地看,经济全球化是社会生产力发展的客观要求和科技进步的必然结果,不是哪些人、哪些国家人为造出来的。经济全球化为世界经济增长提供了强劲动力,促进了商品和资本流动、科技和文明进步、各国人民交往。From the historical perspective, economic globalization resulted from growing social productivity, and is a natural outcome of scientific and technological progress, not something created by any individuals or any countries. Economic globalization has powered global growth and facilitated movement of goods and capital, advances in science, technology and civilization, and interactions among peoples.

  当然,我们也要承认,经济全球化是一把“双刃剑”。当世界经济处于下行期的时候,全球经济“蛋糕”不容易做大,甚至变小了,增长和分配、资本和劳动、效率和公平的矛盾就会更加突出,发达国家和发展中国家都会感受到压力和冲击。反全球化的呼声,反映了经济全球化进程的不足,值得我们重视和深思。But we should also recognize that economic globalization is a double-edged sword. When the global economy is under downward pressure, it is hard to make the cake of global economy bigger. It may even shrink, which will strain the relations between growth and distribution, between capital and labor, and between efficiency and equity. Both developed and developing countries have felt the punch. Voices against globalization have laid bare pitfalls in the process of economic globalization that we need to take seriously.

  “甘瓜抱苦蒂,美枣生荆棘。”从哲学上说,世界上没有十全十美的事物,因为事物存在优点就把它看得完美无缺是不全面的,因为事物存在缺点就把它看得一无是处也是不全面的。经济全球化确实带来了新问题,但我们不能就此把经济全球化一棍子打死,而是要适应和引导好经济全球化,消解经济全球化的负面影响,让它更好惠及每个国家、每个民族。As a line in an old Chinese poem goes, "Honey melons hang on bitter vines; sweet dates grow on thistles and thorns." In a philosophical sense, nothing is perfect in the world. One would fail to see the full picture if he claims something is perfect because of its merits, or if he views something as useless just because of its defects. It is true that economic globalization has created new problems, but this is no justification to write economic globalization off completely. Rather, we should adapt to and guide economic globalization, cushion its negative impact, and deliver its benefits to all countries and all nations.

  当年,中国对经济全球化也有过疑虑,对加入世界贸易组织也有过忐忑。但是,我们认为,融入世界经济是历史大方向,中国经济要发展,就要敢于到世界市场的汪洋大海中去游泳,如果永远不敢到大海中去经风雨、见世面,总有一天会在大海中溺水而亡。所以,中国勇敢迈向了世界市场。在这个过程中,我们呛过水,遇到过漩涡,遇到过风浪,但我们在游泳中学会了游泳。这是正确的战略抉择。There was a time when China also had doubts about economic globalization, and was not sure whether it should join the World Trade Organization. But we came to the conclusion that integration into the global economy is a historical trend. To grow its economy, China must have the courage to swim in the vast ocean of the global market. If one is always afraid of bracing the storm and exploring the new world, he will sooner or later get drowned in the ocean. Therefore, China took a brave step to embrace the global market. We have had our fair share of choking in the water and encountered whirlpools and choppy waves, but we have learned how to swim in this process. It has proved to be a right strategic choice.

  世界经济的大海,你要还是不要,都在那儿,是回避不了的。想人为切断各国经济的资金流、技术流、产品流、产业流、人员流,让世界经济的大海退回到一个一个孤立的小湖泊、小河流,是不可能的,也是不符合历史潮流的。Whether you like it or not, the global economy is the big ocean that you cannot escape from. Any attempt to cut off the flow of capital, technologies, products, industries and people between economies, and channel the waters in the ocean back into isolated lakes and creeks is simply not possible. Indeed, it runs counter to the historical trend.

  人类历史告诉我们,有问题不可怕,可怕的是不敢直面问题,找不到解决问题的思路。面对经济全球化带来的机遇和挑战,正确的选择是,充分利用一切机遇,合作应对一切挑战,引导好经济全球化走向。The history of mankind tells us that problems are not to be feared. What should concern us is refusing to face up to problems and not knowing what to do about them. In the face of both opportunities and challenges of economic globalization, the right thing to do is to seize every opportunity, jointly meet challenges and chart the right course for economic globalization.

  去年年底,我在亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议上提出,要让经济全球化进程更有活力、更加包容、更可持续。我们要主动作为、适度管理,让经济全球化的正面效应更多释放出来,实现经济全球化进程再平衡;我们要顺应大势、结合国情,正确选择融入经济全球化的路径和节奏;我们要讲求效率、注重公平,让不同国家、不同阶层、不同人群共享经济全球化的好处。这是我们这个时代的领导者应有的担当,更是各国人民对我们的期待。At the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in late 2016, I spoke about the necessity to make the process of economic globalization more invigorated, more inclusive and more sustainable. We should act pro-actively and manage economic globalization as appropriate so as to release its positive impact and rebalance the process of economic globalization. We should follow the general trend, proceed from our respective national conditions and embark on the right pathway of integrating into economic globalization with the right pace. We should strike a balance between efficiency and equity to ensure that different countries, different social strata and different groups of people all share in the benefits of economic globalization. The people of all countries expect nothing less from us, and this is our unshirkable responsibility as leaders of our times.

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